Northern Queensland Permaculture

Revolution disguised as gardening

Sapodilla

Botanical Information

Botanical Information
Order Ericales
Family Sapotaceae
Genus Manilkara
Common Name Sapodilla
Species M. zapota

Maturity days

Planting Months

Planting months
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
X X X X X X X X X X X X

Permaculture uses

Permaculture uses
Usage 1 Usage 2 Usage 3
Food_Forest Fruit

Growing condition comments

Growing Condition Comment
Drought Tolerant No
Humidity tolerant Yes
Planting area Ground
Sunlight Full_sun

Photos

Photos

Short comments

Grows in Townsville.

General comments

Sapodilla can grow to more than 30 m tall with an average trunk diameter of 1.5 m.

It is wind-resistant and the bark is rich in a white, gummy latex called chicle. The ornamental leaves are medium green and glossy.

The fruit is a large berry, 4–8 cm in diameter. Inside, its flesh ranges from a pale yellow to an earthy brown colour with a grainy texture akin to that of a well-ripened pear. Each fruit contains one to six seeds. The seeds are hard, glossy, and black, resembling beans, with a hook at one end that can catch in the throat if swallowed. The fruit has an exceptionally sweet, malty flavour. The unripe fruit is hard to the touch and contains high amounts of saponin, which has astringent properties similar to tannin, drying out the mouth.

The trees can survive only in warm, typically tropical environments. From germination, the sapodilla tree will usually take anywhere from five to eight years to bear fruit. The sapodilla trees yield fruit twice a year, though flowering may continue year round.

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